20141013095206571529.jpgThere are only three Icelandic land mammals and only the arctic fox is native. The other two, the mink and long-tailed field mouse were brought by humans. Sea mammals are quite more numerous and 23 species of whales have been seen in Icelandic waters. Of those species, 15 are regarded as common. Grey seal and harbour seal are common but 5 other species may be expected here.

Iceland is very important for many species of birds. Large proportion of the world population of Razorbills, Puffins and Guillemots breed in Iceland, along with about 20% of European waders (such as Godwit, Golden Plover and Whimbrel). Other birds such as the Red Knot, Brent Goose and Barnacle Goose, stop here on the way to breeding grounds in Greenland and Canada to fuel up for the rest of the flight. Finally there are some species on the edge of their distribution areas, such as the Great Northern Diver, Harlequin Duck and Barrows Goldeneye, which have no regular breeding grounds in Europe except Iceland.

hornsili.jpgFish is of great economical value in Iceland and many species are found in Icelandic waters. Among them are the Cod (commercial) and the Salmon (sport and fish-farming). Other species such as the Deep-sea Angler and the Atlantic football fish are of special interest due to special adaptations for living at great depths, such as bioluminescence and parasitic males.

Molluscs and marine invertibrates
The museum hosts one of the best collection of shells (bivalves and snails) in Iceland. Over 200 species, found in and around Icelandic can be seen here. Specimens of foreign species are also on display. There are also specimens of crustaceans and echinoderms (starfishes and sea urchins). Some of those animals may also be seen alive in our sea-water aquarium, along with common fish species.